What is Steel? Steel products: Types and Usage

What is Steel? Steel products: Types and Usage

Every structure is built with the idea of providing sustainability and that is possible only if the materials used for its development are of the finest quality. Steel products possess durability, stability, permanence, and strength that makes it a perfect material to use in buildings and construction work. 

In the context of Nepal, you still have to physically go and buy the construction material and that doesn’t allow customers an option for comparing the products before buying. You can go through Construct Nepal’s website to compare and easily buy steel products online.

What is Steel?

Steel is an alloy of iron mixed with carbon and other elements. It can be categorized as a mild, medium, or high carbon steel as per the percentage of carbon they contain; however, this never exceeds more than 1.5%. 

Iron, Copper, Nickel, Aluminum, Titanium, Manganese, Vanadium, Platinum, Rhodium are the metals of steel. 

Importance of Steel in Constructions Buildings:

Steel is an important base of the industrial world and construction buildings. It is required for various projects like structural buildings, manufacturing, production, and so on. Furthermore, Structural steel is used in different kinds of industries such as transportation, gas manufacturing, mining, shipbuilding, and automotive.

Let’s take a look below why steel or Structural steel is important to construct buildings:


Steel is a highly durably material. Buildings constructed with steel in them can hold off a lot of external pressures like earthquakes and other natural disasters. No matter how old your buildings are, well-constructed and steel-framed buildings can stand tall up to 20-30 yrs easily.

Environment Friendly:

Steel is an eco-friendly and sustainable material because it can be recycled for a number of other purposes. This allows you to reduce wastage and save money when disposing of construction waste.


If you are talking about structural steel, it is less costly than a lot of other metals on the market. It helps you minimize your cost compared to other products and materials used for construction. 


Structural steel is a constructible material. They are very useful in reducing construction time. If we are talking about structural steel, they are pre-engineered, which is quite helpful for the construction of buildings. 


Steel is a lightweight metal that makes it easy to work with. It also helps to minimize shipping and labor costs.

Most commonly used Steel Products in Construction:

Steel always has been an integral part of construction material. There are many types or grades of steel. Each has its own unique features and specialty. However, some things are common between all of them; high strength, permanence, and extended durability.

Structural Steel:

Structural steel is the most popular steel used in the construction industry, especially for tall buildings and skyscrapers. Structural steels have low weight, high strength, good durability, and are extremely affordable. 

Structural steels can be different shapes based on their purpose. It helps to speed up construction, lower the project costs, provides a good aesthetic appeal, along with being sustainable, modifiable, and highly efficient. 

Steel Sheets

Steel sheets are usually of two types; Hot Rolled Sheet and Cold Rolled Sheet. Hot-rolled sheets are made using a process called hot rolling where steel is rolled at a temperature higher than its recrystallization temperature. These sheets are used in places where precise shapes and tolerances are not essential.

A Cold-rolled sheet is a hot-rolled sheet that has gone through cooling and further processing. They have a lower carbon content than hot-rolled sheets making them softer. This is exactly why it is used in projects where tolerance, straightness, surface conditions, and precise shapes are essential.

Steel Beams: 

Steel Beams are essential for every kind of construction. It works as the framework for a lot of buildings. It ensures the structure with implausible strength and incredible support.

Steel Beams are always beneficial for constructions because it distributes weight evenly, comes in various dimensions, bears higher loads, and helps in fabrication.

Steel Bars: 

Steel Bars are used in concrete because its tensile strength holds the concrete structure firmly in its place.

Steel Bars are extremely important to provide a long span for the buildings. It provides a high degree of flexibility during construction and increases the pace of building. Furthermore, they minimize the risk of damage due to natural calamities as well as it can be recycled without compromising on quality. 

Steel Pipes: 

Steel pipes can be used in a variety of settings but due to the non-corrosion feature, it is mainly used for plumbing and tubing. It can also be utilized for other outdoor applications where corrosion-resistant steel is required.

It is much more durable than other types of pipes or tubes. It is stain and corrosion-resistant, environment friendly, and a perfect choice for commercial establishment as they are low maintenance.

Steel Plates: 

Steel plates are available in different grades and sizes and used for a variety of industrial purposes. Mild Steel Plates are high-strength plates that have low carbon alloy which gives it excellent welding and bending properties. They also have great resistance to chloride corrosion because of which they are highly used in chemical and petrochemical industries.

Steel Wire Rods: 

Steel Wire Rods are used in a variety of products during construction. It is used for fasteners, springs, bearings, wire ropes, tire codes, and for many other purposes.

No matter what steel products you require for your construction, you need materials that you can fully trust. Construct Nepal values that trust, so through our portal, we aim to provide you with a wide selection of construction material from trustworthy brands in Nepal. Construct Nepal provides you with a platform through which you can easily purchase the finest quality cement, steel, and other materials.